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Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Virtual Reality

Overview

  • Influence: Virtual Reality
  • Domain: Technology, School, and Out-of-School Strategies
  • Sub-Domain: Technology
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Potential to accelerate
  • Influence Definition: Provides simulations and augment reality to help students experience activities.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 4
  • Number of studies: 114
  • Number of students: 0
  • Number of effects: 114
  • Effect size: 0.54

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Education and Science Avci, Coklar, & istanbullu Turkey The effect of three dimensional virtual-environments and augmented reality applications on the learning environment: A meta-analysis study 2019 Augmented reality 24 0 24 0.39
Open Education Research Li, Wang, & Ren China Effects of virtual reality on students' academic achievements: Meta-analysis of 40 experiments and quasi-experiments. 2019 Augmented reality 40 0 40 0.56
Open Education Research Ni & Hu China Does augmented reality improve learning achievements? A meta-analysis based on 35 studies from 2010 to 2018. 2019 Augmented reality 35 0 35 0.69
BMC Medical Education Zhao, Xu, Jiang, & Dig China The effectiveness of virtual reality-based technology on anatomy teaching: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies 2020 Virtual reality based technology 15 0 15 0.53
TOTAL/AVERAGE 114 0 114 0.54

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 3 3 1 2 2
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