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Version 1.2 – Updated June 2023

Technology with high school students


  • Influence: Technology with high school students
  • Domain: Technology, School, and Out-of-School Strategies
  • Sub-Domain: Technology
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Likely to have positive impact
  • Influence Definition: The use of various computer technologies in the teaching of high school or secondary students.


  • Number of meta-analyses: 9
  • Number of studies: 680
  • Number of students: 34,211
  • Number of effects: 760
  • Weighted mean effect size: 0.30
  • Robustness index: 4


Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Journal of Educational Technology Systems Kulik, Kulik, & Bangert-Drowns USA Effectiveness of technology in precollege mathematics and science teaching 1983 ICT on high school students 51 0 51 0.32
The Journal of Educational Research Kulik, Schwalb, & Kulik USA Programmed instruction in secondary education: A meta-analysis of evaluation findings. 1982 ICT with high school students 97 0 97 0.36
Journal of Educational Psychology Kulik, Bangert & Williams USA Effects of computer-based teaching on secondary school students 1983 ICT on secondary students 51 0 51 0.32
Conference paper Bangert-Drowns USA Meta-Analysis of Findings on Computer-Based Education with Precollege Students 1985 ICT with pre-college students 74 0 74 0.33
Journal of Computer-Based Instruction Bangert-Drowns, Kulik & Kulik USA Effectiveness of Computer-Based Education in Secondary Schools 1985 ICT in high school schools 42 0 42 0.26
American Educational Research Journal Kulik & Kulik USA Effects of ability grouping on secondary school students: A meta-analysis of evaluation findings 1982 ICT in high schools 97 0 97 0.32
Journal of Educational Computing Research Christmann, Badgett & Lucking USA Microcomputer-based computer-assisted instruction within differing subject areas: A statistical deduction. 1997 ICT in high schools 26 3,694 27 0.19
Journal of Research on Computing in Education Christmann, Badgett & Lucking USA Progressive comparison of the effects of computer-assisted instruction on the academic achievement of secondary students. 1997 ICT in high schools 11 5,020 11 0.28
Journal of computing in higher education Schmid, Bernard, Borokhovski, Tamim, Abrami, Surkes, Wade & Woods Canada Technology's effect on achievement in higher education: a Stage I meta-analysis of classroom applications.  2009 Technology in high schools 231 25,497 310 0.28
TOTAL/AVERAGE 680 34,211 760 0.30
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