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Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Technology with elementary students

Overview

  • Influence: Technology with elementary students
  • Domain: Technology, School, and Out-of-School Strategies
  • Sub-Domain: Technology
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Potential to accelerate
  • Influence Definition: The use of various computer technologies in the teaching of elementary or primary students.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 6
  • Number of studies: 264
  • Number of students: 0
  • Number of effects: 664
  • Effect size: 0.44

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Conference Paper Kulik, Kulik, & Bangert-Drowns Effects of computer-based education on elementary school pupils 1984 ICT with elementary students 25 0 25 0.48
Computers in Human Behavior Kulik, Kulik, & Bangert-Drowns Effectiveness of computer-based education in elementary schools 1985 ICT with elementary students 32 0 32 0.47
Journal of Research on Computing in Education Niemiec, Samson, Weinstein & Walberg USA The effects of computer based instruction in elementary schools: A quantitative synthesis 1987 ICT with elementary students 48 0 224 0.32
Journal of Educational Technology Systems Bishop USA Implementing computer technology in educational settings 1990 Computers in elementary schools 40 0 58 0.55
Unpublished Thesis Ouyang USA A Meta-Analysis: Effectiveness of Computer-Assisted Instruction at the Level of Elementary Education (K-6) 1993 ICT in elementary schools 79 0 267 0.50
Unpublished Thesis Jones The effects of the Writing to Read computer program on reading achievement and attitudes of second-grade children 1991 ICT on elementary students 40 0 58 0.31
TOTAL/AVERAGE 264 0 664 0.44

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 3 4 1 4 3
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