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Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Technology in small groups

Overview

  • Influence: Technology in small groups
  • Domain: Technology, School, and Out-of-School Strategies
  • Sub-Domain: Technology
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Likely to have positive impact
  • Influence Definition: The use of technology in small-group settings—either face-to-face groups or remotely interacting groups.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 3
  • Number of studies: 193
  • Number of students: 11,317
  • Number of effects: 616
  • Effect size: 0.21

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Review of Educational Research Lou, Abrami & d'Apollonia USA Small Group and Individual Learning with Technology: A Meta-Analysis 2001 ICT in small groups 100 11,317 178 0.16
Review of Educational Research Lou, Abrami & d'Apollonia USA Small Group and Individual Learning with Technology: A Meta-Analysis 2001 ICT in small groups 22 0 39 0.31
Journal of Educational Computing Research Lou USA Understanding Process and Affective Factors in Small Group versus Individual Learning with Technology 2004 Small group cs. Individual learning with ICT on tasks attempted 71 0 399 0.15
TOTAL/AVERAGE 193 11,317 616 0.21

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 2 3 3 4 3
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