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Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Teacher-student relationships

Overview

  • Influence: Teacher-student relationships
  • Domain: Teacher
  • Sub-Domain: Teacher student interactions
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Potential to accelerate
  • Influence Definition: The quality of the relationship between the teacher and student, and in many cases also the relationships developed by the teacher between the students.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 5
  • Number of studies: 428
  • Number of students: 588,851
  • Number of effects: 1,718
  • Effect size: 0.47

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Review of Educational Research Cornelius-White USA Learner-Centered Teacher-Student Relationships Are Effective: A Meta-Analysis 2007 Teacher-student relations on achievement 229 355,325 1,450 0.72
Review of Educational Research Roorda, Koomen, Spilt & Oort Germany The Influence of Affective Teacher-Student Relationships on Students' School Engagement and Achievement: A Meta-Analytic Approach 2011 Teacher-student relations on achievement 99 165,926 168 0.53
Review of Educational Research Vandenbroucke, Spilt, Verschueren, Piccinin, & Baeyens Belgium The classroom as a developmental context for cognitive development: A meta-analysis on the importance of teacher–student interactions for children’s executive functions 2018 Teacher-student interactions on Executive functioning 23 19,906 23 0.18
Review of Educational Research Kincade, Cook, & Goerdt USA Meta-analysis and common practice elements of universal approaches to improving student-teacher relationships 2020 Teacher-student programs on achievement 21 0 21 0.26
Global Studies Mo China Meta-analysis of the impact of teacher-student relationship pattern on students' academic achievement. 2017 Teacher-student relations on achievement 56 47,694 56 0.65
TOTAL/AVERAGE 428 588,851 1,718 0.47

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 3 5 5 5 5
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