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Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Systems / accountability systems

Overview

  • Influence: Systems / accountability systems
  • Domain: School
  • Sub-Domain: Types of schools
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Likely to have positive impact
  • Influence Definition: School districts and state education agencies rely on complex accountability systems as a means of measuring their efforts to meet accountability purposes. These systems vary a lot and typically include outcome achievement measures, growth measures, school climate indicators, and can involve external inspectors.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 2
  • Number of studies: 83
  • Number of students: 0
  • Number of effects: 83
  • Effect size: 0.21

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Review of Educational Research Lee USA Is Test-Driven External Accountability Effective? Synthesizing the Evidence From Cross-State Causal-Comparative and Correlational Studies 2008 Accountability systems of testing on achievement 76 0 76 0.31
Book Hendriks, Scheerens, & Sleegers Netherlands Effects of evaluation and assessment on student achievement: A review and meta- analysis 2018 Evaluation & assessment 7 0 7 0.10
TOTAL/AVERAGE 83 0 83 0.21

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 2 3 1 1 2
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