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Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Student personality

Overview

  • Influence: Student personality
  • Domain: Student
  • Sub-Domain: Beliefs, attitudes, and dispositions
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Likely to have a small positive impact
  • Influence Definition: There are many models of personality, and the most supported is the Big Five: agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, extraversion, and openness.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 21
  • Number of studies: 1,080
  • Number of students: 669,000
  • Number of effects: 3,756
  • Effect size: 0.10

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Personality and Individual Differences Vedel Denmark The Big Five and Tertiary Academic Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis 2014 Big Five and achievement 20 17,717 105 0.16
Journal of Social Science Research Ibrahim, Yusof, Razak & Norshahidi Malaysia A meta-analysis of the relationship between big five ersonalty traints and student's ahcivementMETA-ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BIG FIVE PERSONALITY TRAITS AND STUDENTS’ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT 2014 Big Five and achievement 6 3,078 6 0.08
Personality and Individual Differences O'Connor & Paunonen Canada Big Five personality predictors of post-secondary academic performance 2007 Big Five and achievement 23 0 108 0.10
Psychological Bulletin Poropat Australia A meta-analysis of the five-factor model of personality and academic performance 2009 Big Five and achievement 80 341,385 634 0.21
British Journal of Educational Psychology Poropat Australia A meta-analysis of adult-rated child personality and academic performance in primary education 2014 Big five personality and achievement 12 10,088 105 0.60
Zeitschrift für Psychologie (Journal of Psychology) Trapmann, Hell, Hirn & Schuler Germany Meta-analysis of the relationship between the Big Five and academic success at university 2007 Big Five and achievement with University students 58 17,493 258 0.05
Journal of Educational Psychology Gatzka & Hell Switzerland Openness and postsecondary academic performance: A meta-analysis of facet-, aspect-, and dimension-level correlations 2017 Openness to experience 28 5,861 28 0.02
Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal Lei & Cui China Effects of Academic Emotions on Achievement among Mainland Chinese Students: A Meta-Analysis 2016 Positive academic emotions 35 17,548 35 0.66
Reading Education Hattie & Hansford Australia Reading performance and self-assessment: What is the relationship? 1983 Personality on achievement 115 0 1,197 0.07
Journal of Youth and Adolescence Clarke USA Coping with Interpersonal Stress and Psychosocial Health Among Children and Adolescents: A Meta-Analysis 2006 Active coping on achievement 9 0 9 0.24
Unpublished thesis Boyd USA A Meta-Analysis of the Relationship between Extraversion and Academic Achievement 2007 Extraversion on achievement 50 0 130 0.06
Psychological Assessment McAbee & Oswald USA The criterion-related validity of personality measures for predicting GPA: a meta-analytic validity competition. 2013 Personality on GPA 51 26,382 274 0.45
Journal of Adolescence Riglin,Petrides, Frederickson, & Rice UK The Relationship between Emotional Problems and Subsequent School Attainment: A Meta-Analysis 2014 (No) emotional problems 26 24,353 35 0.12
Review of Educational Research Fong, Davis, Kim, Kim, Marriott, & Kim USA Psychosocial Factors and Community College Student Success: A Meta-Analytic Investigation 2016 Psychosocial factors and achievement 174 56,095 320 0.18
Journal of Research in Personality O'Boyle, Forsyth, Banks & Story USA A meta-analytic review of the Dark Triad–intelligence connection 2013 Machiavellian, Narcissism & Psychopathy on achievement 53 10,412 53 0.02
Personality and Social Psychology Cuadrado, Salgado, & Moscoso, USA Personality, Intelligence, and counterproductive academic behaviors: A Meta-Analysis 2020 Emotional Stability 61 25,207 61 -0.02
Personality and Social Psychology Cuadrado, Salgado, & Moscoso, USA Personality, Intelligence, and counterproductive academic behaviors: A Meta-Analysis 2020 Extraversion on achievement 59 25,151 59 0.02
Personality and Social Psychology Cuadrado, Salgado, & Moscoso, USA Personality, Intelligence, and counterproductive academic behaviors: A Meta-Analysis 2020 Openness to experience 50 23,420 50 -0.10
Personality and Social Psychology Cuadrado, Salgado, & Moscoso, USA Personality, Intelligence, and counterproductive academic behaviors: A Meta-Analysis 2020 Agreeableness 56 24,436 56 -0.20
Personality and Social Psychology Cuadrado, Salgado, & Moscoso, USA Personality, Intelligence, and counterproductive academic behaviors: A Meta-Analysis 2020 Conscientiousness 77 31,473 77 -0.41
Educational Psychology Review Madigan UK A meta-analysis of perfectionism and academic achievement. 2019 Perfectionism 37 8,901 156 -0.16
TOTAL/AVERAGE 1,080 669,000 3,756 0.10

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 5 5 5 5 5
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