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Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Relations of high school to university

Overview

  • Influence: Relations of high school to university
  • Domain: Student
  • Sub-Domain: Prior knowledge and background
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Potential to considerably accelerate
  • Influence Definition: The degree to which high school achievement is an optimal predictor of university performance. Most often the prediction is from some form of high school GPA to performance at the end of first year university.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 5
  • Number of studies: 2,061
  • Number of students: 116,504
  • Number of effects: 6,967
  • Effect size: 0.59

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Psychological Bulletin Kuncel, Hezlett & Ones USA A Comprehensive Meta-Analysis of the Predictive Validity of the Graduate Record Examinations: Implications for Graduate Student Selection and Performance 2001 High school grades to university grades 1,753 82,659 6,589 0.52
Psychological Measurement Goldberg & Allinger USA Assessing the validity of the GRE For Students in Psychology: A Validity Generalization Approach 1992 High school grades to university grades 27 4,423 97 0.21
Applied Psychology Schuler, Funke, & Baron-Boldt Germany Predictive validity of school grades: A meta-analysis. 1990 High school grades to university grades 63 29,422 63 1.02
Zeitschrift Fur Padagogische Psychologie Trapmann, Hell, Weigand, & Schuler Germany Die Validität von Schulnoten zur Vorhersage des Studienerfolgs-eine Metaanalyse (The validity of school-grades for academic achievement: a meta-analysis) 2007 High school grades to university grades 83 0 83 0.90
Psychological Bulletin Richardson, Abraham & Bond UK Psychological Correlates of University Students' Academic Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis 2012 Traditional high school and GPA 135 0 135 0.32
TOTAL/AVERAGE 2,061 116,504 6,967 0.59

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 3 5 5 5 5
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