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Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Reading strategies

Overview

  • Influence: Reading strategies
  • Domain: Curricula
  • Sub-Domain: Reading, writing and the arts
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Potential to accelerate
  • Influence Definition: These reading programs seek to harmonize the entire reading curriculum, thereby teaching reading more effectively over the long term. In particular, comprehensive approaches attempt to align materials, procedures, personnel, and evaluations.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 9
  • Number of studies: 275
  • Number of students: 26,985
  • Number of effects: 652
  • Effect size: 0.39

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Educational Research Review Slavin, Lake, Davis & Madden USA Effective programs for struggling readers: A best-evidence synthesis 2009 Small group tutorials 21 2,833 21 0.35
Educational Research Review Slavin, Lake, Davis & Madden Effective programs for struggling readers: A best-evidence synthesis 2009 Classroom Instructional Processes 40 6,884 40 0.48
Center for Data-Driven Reform in Education Slavin, Lake, Cheung, & Davis USA Effective Beginning Reading Programs: A Best-Evidence Synthesis 2009 Instructional process programs in beginning reading 44 14,556 44 0.32
Synthesizing Research on Language Learning and Teaching Taylor, Stevens, & Asher USA The effects of explicit reading strategy training on L2 reading comprehension. 2006 Explicit reading strategies in L2 23 0 23 0.54
Review of Educational Research Swanborn & de Glopper Netherland Incidental Word Learning while Reading: A Meta-Analysis 1999 Incidental word learning 20 2,130 20 0.15
Journal of Educational Psychology Hebert, Bohaty, Nelson, & Brown USA The effects of text structure instruction on expository reading comprehension: A meta-analysis. 2016 Text structure on reading 40 0 170 0.57
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research Kan & Windsor USA Word learning in children with primary language impairment: A meta-analysis 2010 Word learning 28 582 244 0.60
The Journal of Special Education Filderman, Toste, Didion, Peng, & Clemens USA Data-based decision making in reading interventions: A synthesis and meta-analysis of the effects for struggling readers. 2018 Data based decision making 15 0 46 0.24
Reading Research Quarterly Bogaerds-Hazenberg, Evers-Vermeul, & can den Bergh Netherlands A meta-analysis on the effects of text structure instruction on reading comprehension in the upper elementary grades 2020 Text structure on reading 44 0 44 0.30
TOTAL/AVERAGE 275 26,985 652 0.39

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 4 4 4 4 4
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