Skip to Content
Version 1.2 – Updated June 2023

Reading strategies


  • Influence: Reading strategies
  • Domain: Curricula
  • Sub-Domain: Reading, writing and the arts
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Potential to accelerate
  • Influence Definition: These reading programs seek to harmonize the entire reading curriculum, thereby teaching reading more effectively over the long term. In particular, comprehensive approaches attempt to align materials, procedures, personnel, and evaluations.


  • Number of meta-analyses: 13
  • Number of studies: 444
  • Number of students: 29,692
  • Number of effects: 960
  • Weighted mean effect size: 0.47
  • Robustness index: 4


Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Educational Research Review Slavin, Lake, Davis & Madden USA Effective programs for struggling readers: A best-evidence synthesis 2011 Small group tutorials 21 2,833 21 0.35
Educational Research Review Slavin, Lake, Davis & Madden UK Effective programs for struggling readers: A best-evidence synthesis 2011 Classroom Instructional Processes 40 6,884 40 0.48
Educational Psychology Review Okkinga, van Steensel, van Gelderen, van Schooten, Sleegers, & Arends Netherlands Effectiveness of reading-strategy interventions in whole classrooms: A meta-analysis. 2018 Reading strategy interventions 52 0 125 0.36
Journal of Learning Disabilities Tighe & Schatschneider USA Examining the relationships of component reading skills to reading comprehension in struggling adult readers: A meta-analysis. 2016 Reading skills 16 2,707 74 1.04
Report Slavin, Lake, Cheung, & Davis USA Effective Beginning Reading Programs: A Best-Evidence Synthesis 2009 Instructional process programs in beginning reading 44 14,556 44 0.32
Journal of Special Education Filderman, Toste, Didion, Peng, & Clemens USA Data-based decision making in reading interventions: A synthesis and meta-analysis of the effects for struggling readers. 2018 Data based decision making 15 0 46 0.24
Exceptional Children Filderman, Austin, Boucher, O'Donnell, & Swanson USA A Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Reading Comprehension Interventions on the Reading Comprehension Outcomes of Struggling Readers in Third Through 12th Grades.  2022 Reading comprehension interventions 64 0 64 0.59
English Teaching Maeng Korea The effectiveness of reading strategy instruction: A Meta-Analysis. 2014 Reading strategies 37 0 45 0.58
Report Taylor, Stevens, & Asher USA The effects of explicit reading strategy training on L2 reading comprehension. 2006 Explicit reading strategies in L2 23 0 23 0.54
Review of Educational Research Swanborn & de Glopper Netherlands Incidental Word Learning while Reading: A Meta-Analysis 1999 Incidental word learning 20 2,130 20 0.15
Reading Research Quarterly Bogaerds-Hazenberg, Evers-Vermeul, & van den Bergh Netherlands A meta-analysis on the effects of text structure instruction on reading comprehension in the upper elementary grades 2020 Text structure on reading 44 0 44 0.30
Journal of Educational Psychology Hebert, Bohaty, Nelson, & Brown USA The effects of text structure instruction on expository reading comprehension: A meta-analysis. 2016 Text structure on reading 40 0 170 0.57
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research Kan & Windsor USA Word learning in children with primary language impairment: A meta-analysis 2010 Word learning 28 582 244 0.60
TOTAL/AVERAGE 444 29,692 960 0.47
Back to top