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Version 1.2 – Updated June 2023



  • Influence: Re-reading
  • Domain: Student Learning Strategies
  • Sub-Domain: Learning strategies
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Potential to accelerate
  • Influence Definition: Involves re-reading the text when students encounter difficulty in understanding. Re-reading aims to enhance meta-comprehension—enabling students to identify whether they have understood the text, and it can involve asking students to re-read a passage with various purposes in mind.


  • Number of meta-analyses: 2
  • Number of studies: 159
  • Number of students: 1,529
  • Number of effects: 159
  • Weighted mean effect size: 0.50
  • Robustness index: 3


Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Dissertation Lavery New Zealand Self-regulated learning for academic success: An evaluation of instructional techniques 2008 Re-reading 46 0 46 0.59
Nature: Science of Learning Hattie & Donoghue Australia Learning strategies: A synthesis and conceptual model 2016 Reviewing records 113 1,529 113 0.47
TOTAL/AVERAGE 159 1,529 159 0.53
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