"
Skip to Content
Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Play programs

Overview

  • Influence: Play programs
  • Domain: Curricula
  • Sub-Domain: Other curricula programs
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Potential to accelerate
  • Influence Definition: Play is a generic term applied to a wide range of activities and behaviors that are satisfying to the child, creative for the child, and freely chosen by the child. Play programs attempt to foster resilience, health, and well-being through the use of play.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 5
  • Number of studies: 120
  • Number of students: 5,806
  • Number of effects: 120
  • Effect size: 0.50

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Conference paper Spies USA Play, problem solving, and creativity in young children 1987 Impact of play on achievement 24 2,491 24 0.26
Journal of Early Childhood Literacy Roskos, Christie, Widman, & Holding USA Three decades in: Priming for meta-analysis in play-literacy research 2010 Play on literacy outcomes for 3-7 year olds 19 0 19 0.62
Psychology in the Schools Ray, Armstrong, Balkin, & Jayne USA Child-centered play therapy in the schools: Review and meta-analysis 2014 Play therapy on achievement 6 0 6 0.36
Play & Culture Fisher USA The impact of play on development: A meta-analysis. 1992 Impact of play on achievement 46 2,565 46 0.74
Doctoral dissertation Kim USA Pretend play and language development among preschool children: A meta-analysis. 2012 Pretend play on language development 25 750 25 0.54
TOTAL/AVERAGE 120 5,806 120 0.50

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 3 3 2 2 3
Back to top