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Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Philosophy in schools

Overview

  • Influence: Philosophy in schools
  • Domain: Teaching Strategies
  • Sub-Domain: Instructional strategies
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Potential to accelerate
  • Influence Definition: Philosophy for Children aims to teach reasoning and argumentative skills to children.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 3
  • Number of studies: 38
  • Number of students: 3,940
  • Number of effects: 38
  • Effect size: 0.53

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Research Papers in Education Trickey & Topping Scotland Collaborative philosophical enquiry for school children: participant evaluation at 11-12 years. 2007 Philosophy in schools 10 0 10 0.43
Thinking: The journal of philosophy for children Garcia-Moriyon, Rebollo, & Colom Spain Evaluating Philosophy for Children: A meta-analysis. 2005 Philosophy in schools 18 2,431 18 0.58
Analytic teaching and Philosophical Praxis Yan, Walters, Wang, & Wang USA Meta-analysis of the effectiveness of philosophy for children programs on students' cognitive outcomes 2018 Philosophy in schools 10 1,509 10 0.58
TOTAL/AVERAGE 38 3,940 38 0.53

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 2 2 2 1 2
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