"
Skip to Content
Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Perceptual-motor programs

Overview

  • Influence: Perceptual-motor programs
  • Domain: Curricula
  • Sub-Domain: Other curricula programs
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Likely to have a small positive impact
  • Influence Definition: These programs are premised on the belief that neurological deficits related to perceptual and motor skills interfere with academic learning, and therefore they engage students in a range of physical activities designed to improve perception and gross and fine motor skills.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 3
  • Number of studies: 224
  • Number of students: 13,967
  • Number of effects: 677
  • Effect size: 0.19

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Journal of Learning Disabilities Kavale & Mattson USA “One Jumped Off the Balance Beam” Meta-Analysis of Perceptual-Motor Training 1983 PM programs on learning disabled 180 13,000 637 0.08
American Journal of Occupational Therapy Vargas & Camilli USA A meta-analysis of research on sensory integration treatment 1999 Sensory integration therapy 14 0 16 0.29
Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities Leong, Carter, & Stephenson Australia Meta-analysis of research on sensory integration therapy for individuals with developmental and learning disabilities 2014 Sensory integration therapy 30 967 24 0.19
TOTAL/AVERAGE 224 13,967 677 0.19

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 2 4 3 4 3
Back to top