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Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Parental programs

Overview

  • Influence: Parental programs
  • Domain: Home
  • Sub-Domain: Home environment
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Likely to have positive impact
  • Influence Definition: Programs involving parents, such as family literacy, support, parent education, and home programs to help parents work with students.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 12
  • Number of studies: 602
  • Number of students: 38,823
  • Number of effects: 1,197
  • Effect size: 0.35

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
The Journal of Educational Research Graue, Weinstein, & Walberg USA School-based home instruction and learning: A quantitative synthesis 1983 Effects of home instruction 29 0 29 0.75
Scientific Studies of Reading Senechal and Young USA Testing the home literacy model: Parent involvement in kindergarten is differentially related to grade 4 reading comprehension, fluency, spelling, and reading for pleasure 2008 Family literacy interventions 16 1,340 16 0.35
Unpublished Thesis Comfort Canada Evaluating the effectiveness of parent training to improve outcomes for young children: a meta-analytic review of the published research 2003 Parent training on cognitive/language 94 6,147 43 0.56
Children and Youth Services Review Manning, Homel, & Smith USA A meta-analysis of the effects of early developmental prevention programs in at-risk populations on non-health outcomes in adolescence 2010 Developmental programs 17 0 17 0.34
Report Layzer, Goodson, Nernstein, & Price USA National Evaluation of Family Support Programs 2001 Family support programs 260 0 260 0.37
Unpublished thesis Nelson USA A meta-analysis of parent education programs for children two to nine years 1994 Parent education programs 21 0 135 0.42
Children and Youth Services Review Grindal, Bowne, Yoshikawa, Schindler, Duncan, Magnuson & Shonkoff USA The added impact of parenting education in early childhood education programs: A meta-analysis 2016 Parent education programs 43 0 321 0.20
Unpublished Thesis Russell Canada A meta-analysis of published research on the effects of non-maternal care on child development. 1998 Nonmaternal care 40 23,986 40 0.14
Review of Educational Research Bakermans-Kranenburg, van IJzendoorn & Bradley Netherlands Those who have, receive: The Matthew effect in early childhood intervention in the home environment 2005 Early intervention in the home 48 7,350 56 0.20
Early Childhood Research Quarterly Manz, Hughes, Barnabas, Bracaliello & Ginsburg-Block USA A descriptive review and meta-analysis of family-based emergent literacy interventions: To what extent is the research applicable to low-income, ethnic-minority or linguistically-diverse young children? 2010 Family based literacy programs 14 0 14 0.33
Joo, Y.S., Magnuson, K., Duncan, G.J., Schindler, H.S., Yoshikawa, H., & Ziol-Guest, K.M. (2019). What works in early childhood education programs?: A meta-analysis. Early Education and Development. Joo, Magnuson, Duncan, Schindler, Yoshikawa, & Ziol-Guest Korea What works in early childhood education programs?: A meta-analysis. 2019 Parent enhancement programs 10 0 133 0.28
Joo, Y.S., Magnuson, K., Duncan, G.J., Schindler, H.S., Yoshikawa, H., & Ziol-Guest, K.M. (2019). What works in early childhood education programs?: A meta-analysis. Early Education and Development. Joo, Magnuson, Duncan, Schindler, Yoshikawa, & Ziol-Guest Korea What works in early childhood education programs?: A meta-analysis. 2019 Parent enhancement programs 10 0 133 0.28
TOTAL/AVERAGE 602 38,823 1,197 0.35

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 5 5 4 4 5
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