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Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Parental involvement

Overview

  • Influence: Parental involvement
  • Domain: Home
  • Sub-Domain: Home environment
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Potential to accelerate
  • Influence Definition: Parental involvement refers to the amount of participation a parent has when it comes to schooling and the child's life. This can be via events and volunteer opportunities, school management, helping with homework, etc.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 20
  • Number of studies: 1,576
  • Number of students: 1,199,237
  • Number of effects: 3,042
  • Effect size: 0.42

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Unpublished Thesis Crimm USA Parent involvement and academic achievement: a meta-analysis 1992 Parent involvement and achievement 57 0 57 0.39
Unpublished Thesis Rosenzweig USA A meta-analysis of parenting and school success: The role of parents in promoting students' academic performance 2000 Parent involvement and achievement 34 0 474 0.31
Educational Psychology Review Fan & Chen China Parental Involvement and Students' Academic Achievement: A Meta-Analysis 2001 Parent involvement and achievement 92 0 92 0.52
American Psychological Association Conference Earhart, Ramirez, Carlson, & Beretvas USA Meta-analysis of parent-component interventions targeting academic achievement 2006 Parent involvement and achievement 22 0 22 0.70
Journal of Early Intervention Casto & Lewis USA Parent involvement in infant and preschool programs 1984 Parent involvement in infant and preschool programs 76 0 754 0.41
Developmental Psychology Hill & Tyson USA Effects of evaluation and assessment on student achievement: A review and meta- analysis 2009 Parent involvement in middle school 32 0 92 0.36
Journal of Educational Psychology Kim & Hill USA Including fathers in the picture: A meta-analysis of parental involvement and students' academic achievement. 2015 Parental involvement 52 0 52 0.14
The Factors Effecting Student Achievement Danisman Turkey The effect of parent involvement n student achievement. 2017 Parent involvement 251 378,069 251 0.43
Educational Research Review Castro, Exposito, Lopez-Martin, Lizasoain, Navarro-Asencio, & Gaviria Spain Parental involvement on student academic achievement: A meta-analysis 2015 Parental involvement 32 0 32 0.12
AERA Conference Morera Spain Parental Involvement and Student Academic Achievement: A Meta-Analysis 2016 Parental involvement 37 0 108 0.25
Educational Research Review Castro, Exposito-Casas, Lopez-Martin, Lizasoain, Navarro-Asencio, & Gaviria Spain Parental involvement on student academic achievement: A meta-analysis 2015 Parental involvement 37 80,580 39 0.25
Review of Educational Research White, Taylor, & Moss USA Does research support claims about the benefits of involving parents in early intervention programs? 1992 Moderate to extensive parent involvement 205 0 205 0.13
Educational Psychology Review Ma, Shen, Krenn, Hu, & Yuan USA A meta-analysis of the relationship between learning outcomes and parental involvement during early childhood education and early elementary education 2015 Parental involvement 46 0 100 1.18
Unpublished Conference Paper Senechal USA Meta-Analysis of Reading Comprehension Interventions for Students with Learning Disabilities: Strategies and Implications 2006 Family involvement in reading 14 0 14 0.68
Campbell Systematic Reviews Nye, Schwartz, & Turner USA Approaches to parent involvement for improving the academic performance 2006 Parental involvement 19 0 19 0.45
Urban Education Jeynes USA A meta-analysis of the efficacy of different types of parental involvement programs for urban students. 2007 Parental involvement in urban areas - high 52 300,000 52 0.38
Urban Education Jeynes USA A Meta-Analysis of the Relation of Parental Involvement to Urban Elementary School Student Academic Achievement 2005 Parental involvement in urban areas - primary 41 20,000 41 0.74
Psychological Bulletin Barger, Kim, Kuncel, & Pomerantz USA The relation between parents' involvement in children's schooling and children's adjustment; A meta-analysis 2019 Parental involvement 448 384,410 510 0.30
Educational Research Review Kim, Mok, & Seidel Germany Parental influences on immigrant students' achievement-related motivation and achievement: A meta-analysis 2020 Parental involvement with immigrant children 14 5,453 27 0.45
Education and Urban Society Kim Korea Kim, S.W. (2020). Meta-analysis of parental involvement and achievement in East Asian Countries. 2020 Parental involvement in East Asia 15 30,725 101 0.24
TOTAL/AVERAGE 1,576 1,199,237 3,042 0.42

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 5 5 5 5 5
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