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Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Parental autonomy support

Overview

  • Influence: Parental autonomy support
  • Domain: Home
  • Sub-Domain: Home environment
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Likely to have a small positive impact
  • Influence Definition: The promotion of independence or self-endorsed behavior by parents. Parental autonomy support takes many forms. In one form, the “promotion of independent functioning,” parents encourage their children to rely on themselves and make their own decisions, often in line with parental values. In another form, “promotion of volitional functioning,” parents encourage their offspring to explore, find their own sense of meaning, and make their own decisions based on their own interests and values.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 7
  • Number of studies: 431
  • Number of students: 364,153
  • Number of effects: 424
  • Effect size: 0.12

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Educational Psychology Review Vasquez, Patall, Fong, Corrigan, & Pine USA Parent autonomy support, academic achievement, and psychosocial functioning: A meta-analysis of research 2015 Parent Autonomy support 36 0 29 0.22
Unpublished Thesis Cor Canada Clarifying the relationship between autonomy support, motivation, performance, and educational outcomes 2008 Parent Autonomy support 14 1,998 14 0.11
Developmental Psychology Pinquart & Kauser USA Associations of parenting dimensions and styles with externalizing problems of children and adolescents: an updated meta-analysis 2017 Authoritative parenting 55 0 51 0.30
Developmental Psychology Pinquart & Kauser USA Associations of parenting dimensions and styles with externalizing problems of children and adolescents: an updated meta-analysis 2017 Authoritarian parenting 51 0 39 -0.34
Developmental Psychology Pinquart & Kauser USA Associations of parenting dimensions and styles with externalizing problems of children and adolescents: an updated meta-analysis 2017 Permissive parenting 39 0 28 0.02
Developmental Psychology Pinquart & Kauser USA Associations of parenting dimensions and styles with externalizing problems of children and adolescents: an updated meta-analysis 2017 Neglectful parenting 28 0 55 0.39
Educational Psychology Review Pinquart Germany Associations of parenting dimensions and styles with externalizing problems of children and adolescents: an updated meta-analysis 2015 Parental responsiveness, control, autonomy, and authoritative parenting 208 362,155 208 0.13
TOTAL/AVERAGE 431 364,153 424 0.12

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 4 5 5 3 4
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