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Modality effect

Overview

  • Influence: Modality effect
  • Domain: Student Learning Strategies
  • Sub-Domain: Learning strategies
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Potential to accelerate
  • Influence Definition: The modality effect is used to refer to how learner performance depends on the presentation mode of the studied item. For example, it suggests that learning will be improved when textual information is presented in an auditory format with accompanying visual materials, such as a graph, diagram, or animation.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 2
  • Number of studies: 78
  • Number of students: 3,222
  • Number of effects: 125
  • Effect size: 0.55

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Article Author First Author's Country Journal Title Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Learning and Instruction Ginns Australia Meta-Analysis of the Modality Effect 2005 Modality effect: graphic visually, text auditory 39 39 0.72
Journal of Psycholinguist Research Reinwein Canada Does the modality effect exist? And if so, which modality effect? 2012 Modality effect: graphic visually, text auditory 39 3,222 86 0.38
TOTAL/AVERAGE 78 3,222 125 0.55

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 2 3 2 2 2
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