"
Skip to Content
Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Mnemonics

Overview

  • Influence: Mnemonics
  • Domain: Student Learning Strategies
  • Sub-Domain: Learning strategies
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Potential to considerably accelerate
  • Influence Definition: A practice by which students learn a significant amount of information for long-term recall by memory. There are five classes of mnemonics: linguistic, spatial, visual, physical, and verbal (e.g., HOMES for the Great Lakes).

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 4
  • Number of studies: 166
  • Number of students: 4,278
  • Number of effects: 191
  • Effect size: 0.80

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Nature: Science of Learning Donoghue & Hattie Australia Learning strategies: A synthesis and conceptual model 2018 Mnemonics 107 580 107 0.50
Unpublished thesis Runyan USA Effects of mnemonic-keyword method on recalling verbal information: a meta-analysis 1987 Mnemonic keyword recall program 32 3,698 51 0.64
Educational Psychology Review Mastropieri & Scruggs USA Constructing more meaningful relationships: Mnemonic instruction for special populations. 1989 Mnemonic keyword recall program 19 0 19 1.62
Asia Pacific Education Review Kim et al. Effects of cognitive learning strategies for Korean learners: A meta-analysis 2008 Mnemonics 8 0 14 0.45
TOTAL/AVERAGE 166 4,278 191 0.80

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 3 3 2 2 3
Back to top