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Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Mastery goals

Overview

  • Influence: Mastery goals
  • Domain: Student
  • Sub-Domain: Beliefs, attitudes, and dispositions
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Likely to have a small positive impact
  • Influence Definition: Mastery goals focus on learning, mastering a task according to self-set standards, or self-improvement. It also encompasses developing new skills, improving or increasing competence.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 7
  • Number of studies: 433
  • Number of students: 21,480
  • Number of effects: 502
  • Effect size: 0.13

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Human Performance van Yperen, Blaga, & Postmes Netherlands A meta-analysis of the impact of situationally induced achievement goals on task performance 2014 Mastery approach 98 0 103 0.14
Human Performance van Yperen, Blaga, & Postmes Netherlands A meta-analysis of the impact of situationally induced achievement goals on task performance 2014 Mastery avoidance 98 0 65 -0.13
Human performance Baranik, Stanley, Bynum, & Lance USA Examining the construct validity of mastery-avoidance achievement goals: A meta-analysis 2010 Mastery avoidance 25 9,014 26 -0.18
Unpublished Thesis Carpenter Canada A comparison of the relationships of students' self-efficacy, goal orientation, and achievement across grade levels: a meta-analysis 2007 Mastery goals on achievement 48 12,466 48 0.24
Human Performance van Yperen, Blaga, & Postmes Netherlands A meta-analysis of the impact of situationally induced achievement goals on task performance. 2014 Mastery goals on achievement 98 0 103 0.28
Review of Educational Research Rolland USA Synthesizing the Evidence on Classroom Goal Structures in Middle and Secondary Schools: A Meta-Analysis and Narrative Review 2012 Mastery goals on achievement 12 0 103 0.04
Korean Journal of Educational Psychology Song Korea A meta analysis of achievement goal-academic achievement relationships. 2012 Mastery approach 54 0 54 0.51
TOTAL/AVERAGE 433 21,480 502 0.13

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 4 5 4 3 4
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