"
Skip to Content
Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Initial teacher education programs

Overview

  • Influence: Initial teacher education programs
  • Domain: Teacher
  • Sub-Domain: Teacher education
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Likely to have a small positive impact
  • Influence Definition: Initial teacher education or ITEs (sometimes at the undergraduate level and sometimes at the post-graduate level) is the entry-level qualification for teaching in numerous countries, including the United States. More recently, there are school-based ITEs, non-accredited ITEs, and many online ITE programs.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 5
  • Number of studies: 117
  • Number of students: 106,016
  • Number of effects: 509
  • Effect size: 0.10

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
AERA Conference Paper Qu, Becker & Kennedy Does traditional teacher certification imply quality? A meta-analysis 2004 Certified vs. alternative certified teachers 24 0 192 0.08
AERA Conference Paper Qu, Becker & Kennedy Does traditional teacher certification imply quality? A meta-analysis 2004 Traditional vs. Emergency licensed teachers 24 0 76 0.14
Unpublished Thesis Sparks USA The Effect of Teacher Certification on Student Achievement 2004 Traditional vs. emergency or probationary training 5 0 18 0.12
Journal of Child and Family Studies Whitford, Zhang, & Katsiyannis USA Traditional vs. alternative teacher preparation programs: A meta-analysis 2017 Traditional vs Alternative programs 32 106,016 118 0.03
Report:National Institute for Early Education Research Kelley & Camilli USA The impact of teacher education on outcomes in center-based early childhood education programs: a meta-analysis 2007 Teacher education in early childhood 32 0 105 0.15
TOTAL/AVERAGE 117 106,016 509 0.10

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 3 3 5 3 4
Back to top