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Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Individual instruction

Overview

  • Influence: Individual instruction
  • Domain: Student Learning Strategies
  • Sub-Domain: Student-focused interventions
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Likely to have positive impact
  • Influence Definition: Typically, one-on-one instruction between a student and teacher/tutor with the aim of immediate feedback, scaffolded concepts, and intervention at key moments of success or difficulty. Other forms of individualized instruction can include tailoring lessons for various student learning needs, providing individualized feedback, and teaching to mastery.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 13
  • Number of studies: 814
  • Number of students: 16,056
  • Number of effects: 1,368
  • Effect size: 0.24

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Unpublished Thesis Hartley USA Meta-analysis of the effects of individually paced instruction in mathematics 1977 Individualization in math 51 0 139 0.16
Evaluation in Education Kulik & Kulik USA Individualised college teaching 1980 Individualized college teaching 213 0 213 0.33
Journal of Educational Research Horak USA A meta-analysis of research findings on individualized instruction in mathematics 1981 Individualization in math 60 0 129 -0.07
Journal of Research in Science Teaching Willett, Yamashita & Anderson USA A meta-analysis of instructional systems applied in science teaching 1983 Individualized science curriculum 130 0 131 0.17
Review of Educational Research Bangert, Kulik, & Kulik USA Individualized Systems of Instruction in Secondary Schools 1983 Individualized in high schools 49 0 49 0.10
Journal of Educational Research Waxman, Wang, Anderson & Walberg USA Adaptive Education and Student Outcomes: A Quantitative Synthesis 1985 Adaptive methods (individual, continuous assessment, periodic evaluation) 38 7,200 309 0.45
Journal of Research in Science Teaching Atash & Dawson USA Some effects of the ISCS program: A meta analysis 1986 Individualized science curriculum 10 2,180 30 0.09
Unpublished Dissertation Mitchell A comparison of the effectiveness of innovative instructional methods utilized in lower division mathematics as measured by student achievement: a meta-analysis of findings 1987 Individualized instruction in mathematics 38 0 39 0.19
Evaluation & the Health Professions Decanay & Cohen USA Computer-based instruction and health professions education: A meta-analysis of outcomes. 1992 Individual instruction in medical education 30 0 30 0.37
Exceptional Children Elbaum, Vaughn, Hughes & Moody USA Grouping practices and reading outcomes for students with disabilities 2000 1-1 tutoring Special Ed in reading 19 0 116 0.43
Educational Research Review Slavin, Lake, Davis & Madden Effective programs for struggling readers: A best-evidence synthesis. 2009 One on one tutoring in reading 20 2,429 20 0.31
McGill Journal of Education Jun, Ramirez & Cumming Canada Tutoring Adolescents in Literacy: A Meta-Analysis 2010 One on one tutoring in literacy 12 4,247 19 0.26
unpublished doctoral Blumschein Germany Eine Metaanalyse zur Effektivität multimedialen Lernens am Beispiel der anchored instruction 2003 Adaptive methods 144 0 144 0.33
TOTAL/AVERAGE 814 16,056 1,368 0.24

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 5 5 3 5 5
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