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Version 1.2 – Updated June 2023

Help seeking


  • Influence: Help seeking
  • Domain: Student Learning Strategies
  • Sub-Domain: Meta-cognitive/self-regulated learning
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Potential to considerably accelerate
  • Influence Definition: An adaptive process whereby a person seeks external support to help progress their learning. Effective help seeking requires students to develop metacognitive skills (to think about their learning process) and a positive self-concept.


  • Number of meta-analyses: 3
  • Number of studies: 99
  • Number of students: 6,497
  • Number of effects: 99
  • Weighted mean effect size: 0.73
  • Robustness index: 2


Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Dissertation Lavery New Zealand Self-regulated learning for academic success: An evaluation of instructional techniques 2008 Help seeking 62 0 62 0.60
Japanese Psychological Review Nakaya & Okada Japan An integrative review of the relationship of academic and social goals with academic help-seeking: Is seeking help always the best strategy for a student's learning. 2020 Help seeking for near goals 16 6,497 16 1.12
Educational Research Review Dignath, Buettner, & Langfeldt Netherlands How can primary school students learn self-regulated learning strategies most effectively?: A meta-analysis on self-regulation training programmes 2008 Seeking help from peers 21 0 21 0.83
TOTAL/AVERAGE 99 6,497 99 0.85
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