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Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Feedback (Self)

Overview

  • Influence: Feedback (Self)
  • Domain: Teaching Strategies
  • Sub-Domain: Feedback
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Likely to have a small positive impact
  • Influence Definition: Feedback about the self, including praise.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 2
  • Number of studies: 103
  • Number of students: 0
  • Number of effects: 103
  • Effect size: 0.13

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Review of Educational Research Getsie, Langer, & Glass USA Meta-analysis of the effects of type and combination of feedback on children’s discrimination learning. 1985 Rewards and punishment 89 0 89 0.14
Unpublished thesis Wilkinson The relationship of teacher praise and student achievement: a meta-analysis of selected research 1980 Teacher praise 14 0 14 0.12
TOTAL/AVERAGE 103 0 103 0.13

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 2 3 1 2 2
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