Skip to Content
Version 1.2 – Updated June 2023

FaceTime and social media


  • Influence: FaceTime and social media
  • Domain: Technology, School, and Out-of-School Strategies
  • Sub-Domain: Technology
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Likely to have a negative impact
  • Influence Definition: The frequency of use of Facebook, social media, and mobile phones


  • Number of meta-analyses: 3
  • Number of studies: 72
  • Number of students: 122,808
  • Number of effects: 72
  • Weighted mean effect size: -0.12
  • Robustness index: 2


Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Dissertation Marker, Gnambs, & Appel Germany Active on Facebook and Failing at School? Meta-Analytic Findings on the Relationship Between Online Social Networking Activities and Academic Achievement 2018 Facebook and learning 10 0 10 0.08
Computers in Human Behavior Liu, Kirschner, & Karpinski China A meta-analysis of the relationship of academic performance and Social Network Site use among adolescents and young adults 2017 Facebook and learning 28 101,441 28 -0.16
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking Huang Taiwan Time spent on social network sites and psychological well-being: A meta-analysis. 2017 Social network use 34 21,367 34 -0.14
TOTAL/AVERAGE 72 122,808 72 -0.07
Back to top