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Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Effort management

Overview

  • Influence: Effort management
  • Domain: Student Learning Strategies
  • Sub-Domain: Learning strategies
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Potential to considerably accelerate
  • Influence Definition: The process by which a learner uses tactics—such as mood management, self-talk, persistence, self-reinforcement, or attribution of success to effort—in order to achieve a particular goal.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 1
  • Number of studies: 15
  • Number of students: 0
  • Number of effects: 15
  • Effect size: 0.77

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Educational Research Review Donker, de Boer, Kostons, van Ewijk, & Van der Werf Effectiveness of learning strategy instruction on academic performance: A meta-analysis. 2014 Effort management 15 0 15 0.77
TOTAL/AVERAGE 15 0 15 0.77

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 1 2 1 1 1
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