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Version 1.2 – Updated June 2023

Effort management


  • Influence: Effort management
  • Domain: Student Learning Strategies
  • Sub-Domain: Learning strategies
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Potential to considerably accelerate
  • Influence Definition: The process by which a learner uses tactics—such as mood management, self-talk, persistence, self-reinforcement, or attribution of success to effort—in order to achieve a particular goal.


  • Number of meta-analyses: 1
  • Number of studies: 15
  • Number of students: 0
  • Number of effects: 15
  • Weighted mean effect size: 0.77
  • Robustness index: 1


Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Educational Research Review Donker, de Boer, Kostons, van Ewijk, & Van der Werf Netherlands Effectiveness of learning strategy instruction on academic performance: A meta-analysis. 2014 Effort management 15 0 15 0.77
TOTAL/AVERAGE 15 0 15 0.77
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