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Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Early years non-cognitive skills

Overview

  • Influence: Early years non-cognitive skills
  • Domain: Student
  • Sub-Domain: Prior knowledge and background
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Likely to have positive impact
  • Influence Definition: Non-cognitive skills include conscientiousness, perseverance, teamwork, social conformity, engagement, and self-efficacy.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 1
  • Number of studies: 78
  • Number of students: 0
  • Number of effects: 78
  • Effect size: 0.20

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Nature Human Behaviour Smithers, Sawyer, Chittleborough, Davies, Smith, & Lynch USA A systematic review and meta-analysis of effects of early life non-cognitive skills on academic, psychosocial, cognitive and health outcomes. achievement, psychosocial, language and cognitive, and health outcomes 2017 Early years Non-cognitive skills on achievement 78 0 78 0.20
TOTAL/AVERAGE 78 0 78 0.20

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 1 3 1 1 2
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