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Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Critical thinking

Overview

  • Influence: Critical thinking
  • Domain: Student
  • Sub-Domain: Prior knowledge and background
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Potential to accelerate
  • Influence Definition: A set of cognitive skills—including analysis, inference, evaluation, interpretation, deductive reasoning, and inductive reasoning—that collectively enable a thinker to reasonably decide who and what to believe.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 1
  • Number of studies: 23
  • Number of students: 8,233
  • Number of effects: 23
  • Effect size: 0.49

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Thinking skills and creativity Fong, Kim, Davis, Hoang, & Kim USA A meta-analysis on critical thinking and community college student achievement 2017 Critical thinking 23 8,233 23 0.49
TOTAL/AVERAGE 23 8,233 23 0.49

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 1 2 2 1 2
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