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Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Creativity programs

Overview

  • Influence: Creativity programs
  • Domain: Curricula
  • Sub-Domain: Other curricula programs
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Potential to accelerate
  • Influence Definition: There are many creative thinking programs: Creative Problem-Solving Programs, the Productive Thinking Program, the Purdue Creative Thinking Program, New Directions in Creativity, and the Torrance Creative Scholars Program. Such programs aim to impact students’ divergent thinking abilities, such as number of responses, flexibility of response categories, originality of responses, and elaboration of responses.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 18
  • Number of studies: 1,210
  • Number of students: 56,565
  • Number of effects: 1,927
  • Effect size: 0.58

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Journal of Creative Behavior Rose & Lin A meta-analysis of long-term creativity training programs 1984 Long term creativity programs 158 0 158 0.47
AERA Conference Paper Cohn USA A research synthesis of creativity training effectiveness: Methodological issues. 1986 Creativity training effectiveness 106 0 177 0.55
AERA Conference Paper Bangert-Drowns & Bankert USA Meta-Analysis of Effects of Explicit Instruction for Critical Thinking 1990 Explicit instruction of creativity 20 0 20 0.37
Unpublished Thesis Hollingsworth USA A meta-analysis of existing creativity training research: An evaluation ofprogram effectiveness and possible confounding variables 1991 Creativity programs 39 0 39 0.82
Unpublished Thesis Conard USA The arts in education and a meta-analysis 1992 Creative dramatics 20 0 28 0.48
Unpublished Thesis Scope USA A meta-analysis o research on creativity: the effects of instructional variables 1998 Instructional influences on creativity 30 0 40 0.90
Creativity Research Journal Scott, Leritz, & Mumford USA The effectiveness of creativity training: a quantitative review 2004 Creativity programs 70 0 70 0.64
Unpublished Thesis Bertrand USA Can Individual Creativity be Enhanced by Training? A Meta Analysis 2005 Creativity programs 45 0 45 0.64
Unpublished Thesis Higgins, Hall, Baumfield, & Moseley England A meta-analysis of the impact of the implementation o thinking skills approaches on pupils 2005 Thinking programs on achievement 29 0 29 0.74
Unpublished Thesis Huang USA Fostering creativity: a meta-analytic inquiry into the variability of effects 2005 Creativity programs 51 0 62 0.89
Classroom communication and instructional processes: Advances through meta-analysis Berkowitz USA Developing Critical Thinking Through Forensics and Communication Education: Assessing the Impact Through Meta-Analysis 2006 Various creative communication strategies 23 5,000 39 0.46
Educational Research Review Niu, Behar-Horenstein, & Garvan USA Do instructional interventions influence college students’ critical thinking skills? A meta-analysis 2013 Programs on creative thinking 31 0 40 0.20
Creative Education Liu & Chang Taiwan Effectiveness of 4Ps Creativity Teaching for College Students: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis 2017 4P creativity program 11 745 11 0.95
Asia Pacific Education Review Yu Korea Meta-analysis of the effect of practical reasoning instruction on student outcome in Home Economics education in Korea 2012 Practical reasoning on home economics outcomes 25 0 35 0.60
Review of Educational Research Huber & Kuncel USA Does College Teach Critical Thinking? A Meta-Analysis 2016 Programs on creative thinking 71 25,577 71 0.59
Review of Educational Research Abrami, Bernard, Borokhovski, Wade, Surkes, Tamim & Zhang Canada Instructional Interventions Affecting Critical Thinking skills an Dispositions: A Stage I Meta-Analysis 2008 Interventions on critical thinking skills and dispositions 117 20,698 161 0.34
Review of Educational Research Abrami, Bernard, Borokhovski, Waddington, Wade, & Persson Canada Strategies for Teaching Students to Think Critically: A Meta-Analysis 2015 Teaching students to think critically 341 0 867 0.33
Communication Education Berkowitz Israel A meta-analysis of the impact of forensics and communication education on critical thinking. 2011 Public speaking on critical thinking skills 23 4,545 35 0.43
TOTAL/AVERAGE 1,210 56,565 1,927 0.58

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 5 5 4 5 5
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