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Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Cooperative vs. individualistic learning

Overview

  • Influence: Cooperative vs. individualistic learning
  • Domain: Teaching Strategies
  • Sub-Domain: Instructional strategies
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Potential to accelerate
  • Influence Definition: Greater social integration between students during the learning process has been shown to increase students’ integration into the academic environment. In contrast to individualistic learning, in which students are responsible for their own mastery of the subject matter, cooperative learning environments call upon students to interact with a fellow student or with a group, with each pair or group member responsible for the learning of the others.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 5
  • Number of studies: 959
  • Number of students: 37,422
  • Number of effects: 906
  • Effect size: 0.55

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Prentice-Hall Johnson & Johnson USA Learning together and alone: Cooperative, competitive, and individualistic learning 1987 Cooperative vs. individualistic 453 0 70 0.68
Unpublished Thesis Hall USA The effects of cooperative learning on achievement: a meta-analysis 1988 Cooperative vs. individualistic 15 0 77 0.26
Report Johnson, Johnson, & Stanne USA Cooperative learning methods: A meta-analysis. 2000 Cooperative vs. individualistic 158 0 82 0.88
Unpublished AERA Conference Paper Roseth, Fang, Johnson, & Johnson USA Effects of Cooperative Learning on Middle School Students: A Meta-Analysis 2006 Cooperative vs. individualistic in middle school 148 0 55 0.55
Unpublished Thesis Hilk USA Effects of cooperative, competitive, and individualistic learning structures on college student achievement and peer relationships: a series of meta-analyses. 2013 Cooperative vs. individualistic using university students 185 37,422 622 0.36
TOTAL/AVERAGE 959 37,422 906 0.55

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 3 5 4 4 4
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