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Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Conjoint reading programs

Overview

  • Influence: Conjoint reading programs
  • Domain: Curricula
  • Sub-Domain: Reading, writing and the arts
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Potential to accelerate
  • Influence Definition: These programs are about the influence of focusing on reading on other curricula content, and the effect of writing on reading

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 6
  • Number of studies: 155
  • Number of students: 8,257
  • Number of effects: 224
  • Effect size: 0.49

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Journal of Learning Disabilities Swanson, Hairrell, Kent, Ciullo, Wanzek & Vaughn USA A synthesis and meta-analysis of reading interventions using social studies content for students with learning disabilities 2014 Teaching Reading through Social Studies 24 0 27 1.02
Journal of Aesthetic Education Berger & Winner USA Instruction in visual art: Can it help children learn to read? 2000 Visual arts programs on reading 9 378 9 0.10
Review of Educational Research Graham, Liu, Bartlett, Ng, Harris, Aitken, Barkel, Kavanaugh, & Talukdar USA Reading for writing: A meta-analysis of the impact of reading interventions on writing. 2018 Writing on reading 54 5,018 54 0.57
Reading and Writing Hebert, Gillespie & Graham USA High school teachers use of writing to support students’ learning: A national survey 2013 Writing on reading 19 0 21 0.13
Educational Psychologist Guthrie, McRae, & Klauda USA Contributions of concept-oriented reading instruction to knowledge about interventions for motivations in reading. 2007 Concept-oriented reading program 11 2,861 75 0.78
Reading Research Quarterly Graham, Liu, Aitken, Bartlett, Harris, & Holzapfel USA Effectiveness of Literacy Programs Balancing Reading and Writing Instruction: A Meta-Analysis 2017 Balance reading & writing programs on reading 38 0 38 0.33
TOTAL/AVERAGE 155 8,257 224 0.49

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 3 3 2 2 3
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