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Version 1.2 – Updated June 2023

Conjoint reading programs


  • Influence: Conjoint reading programs
  • Domain: Curricula
  • Sub-Domain: Reading, writing and the arts
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Potential to accelerate
  • Influence Definition: These programs are about the influence that focusing on reading has on other curricula content, and the effect of writing on reading.


  • Number of meta-analyses: 7
  • Number of studies: 204
  • Number of students: 8,257
  • Number of effects: 273
  • Weighted mean effect size: 0.46
  • Robustness index: 3


Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Journal of Learning Disabilities Swanson, Hairrell, Kent, Ciullo, Wanzek & Vaughn USA A synthesis and meta-analysis of reading interventions using social studies content for students with learning disabilities 2014 Teaching Reading through Social Studies 24 0 27 1.02
Journal of Aesthetic Education Berger & Winner USA Instruction in visual art: Can it help children learn to read? 2000 Visual arts programs on reading 9 378 9 0.10
Reading Research Quarterly Graham, Liu, Bartlett, Ng, Harris, Aitken, Barkel, Kavanaugh, & Talukdar USA Effectiveness of literacy programs balancing reading and writing instruction: A meta-analysis.  2018 Writing on reading 54 5,018 54 0.57
Reading and Writing Gillespie USA High school teachers use of writing to support students' learning: A national survey 2014 Writing on reading 19 0 21 0.13
Educational Psychology Review McBreen USA The impact of motivational reading instruction on the reading achievement and motivation of students: A systematic review and meta-analysis 2021 Motivational reading programs 49 0 49 0.30
Educational Psychologist Guthrie, McRae, & Klauda USA Contributions of concept-oriented reading instruction to knowledge about interventions for motivations in reading. 2007 Concept-oriented reading program 11 2,861 75 0.78
Reading Research Quarterly Graham, Liu, Aitken, Bartlett, Harris, & Holzapfel USA Effectiveness of Literacy Programs Balancing Reading and Writing Instruction: A meta-analysis 2018 Balance reading & writing programs on reading 38 0 38 0.33
TOTAL/AVERAGE 204 8,257 273 0.46
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