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Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Collaborative learning

Overview

  • Influence: Collaborative learning
  • Domain: Teaching Strategies
  • Sub-Domain: Instructional strategies
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Likely to have positive impact
  • Influence Definition: An educational practice through which two or more people collaborate on a learning task, whether by following a course of study or by attempting to solve a problem. This practice might involve face-to-face or electronically mediated interactions, and the labor of learning may or may not be divided in a systematic way.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 7
  • Number of studies: 791
  • Number of students: 13,766
  • Number of effects: 918
  • Effect size: 0.39

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Report Williams USA The impact of collaborative, scaffolded learning in K-12 schools: A meta-analysis. 2009 Collaborative learning 29 3,029 29 0.29
Computers & Education Borokhovski, Bernard, Tamim, Schmid, & Sokolovskaya Canada Technology-supported student interaction in post-secondary education: A meta-analysis of designed versus contextual treatments 2015 Collaborative learning mediated via ICT 45 0 45 0.35
Distance Education Borokhovski, Tamim, Bernard, Abrami, & Sokolovskaya Canada Are contextual and designed student–student interaction treatments equally effective in distance education? 2012 Collaborative learning mediated via ICT in distance education 32 3,634 36 0.31
Review of Educational Research Chen, Wang, Kirscher, & Tsai Hong Kong The role of collaboration, computer use, learning environments, and supporting strategies in CSCL: A meta-analysis 2018 Collaborative learning mediated via ICT 356 0 297 0.45
AERA Conference Paper Jannsen Opening the black box of collaborative learning: A meta-analysis investigating process-oriented studies. 2014 Collaborative learning 124 0 124 0.39
Journal of Educational Psychology Tenenbaum, Winstone, Leman, & Avery UK How effective is peer interaction in facilitating learning? A meta-analysis. 2019 Peer interaction 62 7,103 71 0.40
Education Research Review Jeong, Hmelo-Silver, & Jo Korea Ten years of computer-support collaborative learning: A meta-analysis of CSCL in STEM education during 2005-2014. 2019 Collaborative learning mediated via ICT 143 0 316 0.51
TOTAL/AVERAGE 791 13,766 918 0.39

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 4 5 3 4 4
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