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Version 1.1 – Updated August 2021

Clickers

Overview

  • Influence: Clickers
  • Domain: Technology, School, and Out-of-School Strategies
  • Sub-Domain: Technology
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Likely to have positive impact
  • Influence Definition: A form of audience response system often used in classrooms to enable all students to respond instantly to questions put to the whole group. Often the responses of the students can be shown to the whole class, and leads to discussion about right and wrong answers, and to re-teaching of concepts least understood by the class.

Evidence

  • Number of meta-analyses: 3
  • Number of studies: 132
  • Number of students: 26,095
  • Number of effects: 236
  • Effect size: 0.24

Meta-Analyses

Meta-Analyses
Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Computers & Education Hunsu, Adesope, & Bayly Washington A Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Audience Response Systems (Clicker-Based Technologies) on Cognition and Affect 2016 Clickers 53 26,095 111 0.05
Computers & Education Castillo-Manzano, Castro-Nuno, Lopez-Valpuesta, Sanz-Diaz, & Yniguez Spain Measuring the effect of ARS on academic performance: A global meta-analysis 2016 Audience Response systems 51 0 53 0.29
Education Research Review Chien, Chang, & Chang Taiwan Do we click in the right way? A meta-analytic review of clicker-integrated instruction 2014 Clickers 28 0 72 0.39
TOTAL/AVERAGE 132 26,095 236 0.24

Confidence

The Confidence is the average of these four measures, each divided into five approximately equal groups and assigned a value from 1 to 5 based on the following criteria:

  • Number of Meta-analyses
    • 1 = 1
    • 2 = 2–3
    • 3 = 4–6
    • 4 = 7–9
    • 5 = 10+
  • Number of Studies
    • 1 = 1–10
    • 2 = 11–50
    • 3 = 51–200
    • 4 = 201–400
    • 5 = 400+
  • Number of Students
    • 1 = 1–2,500
    • 2 = 2,501–10,000
    • 3 = 10,000–20,000
    • 4 = 20,000–100,000
    • 5 = 100,001+
  • Number of Effects
    • 1 = 1–100
    • 2 = 101–300
    • 3 = 301–600
    • 4 = 601–1,200
    • 5 = 1,200+
Confidences
Number of Meta-Analyses Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Overall Confidence
Confidence Factor 2 3 4 2 3
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