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Version 1.2 – Updated June 2023

Rehearsal and memorization


  • Influence: Rehearsal and memorization
  • Domain: Student Learning Strategies
  • Sub-Domain: Learning strategies
  • Potential to Accelerate Student Achievement: Potential to considerably accelerate
  • Influence Definition: Rehearsal is a term used by memory researchers to refer to mental techniques for helping us remember information. It can involve many strategies such as repeating information to be memorized by organizing it at random and repeating the information when prompted by a visual cue, such as an index card or photograph.


  • Number of meta-analyses: 4
  • Number of studies: 151
  • Number of students: 0
  • Number of effects: 151
  • Weighted mean effect size: 0.71
  • Robustness index: 3


Journal Title Author First Author's Country Article Name Year Published Variable Number of Studies Number of Students Number of Effects Effect Size
Dissertation Lavery New Zealand Self-regulated learning for academic success: An evaluation of instructional techniques 2008 Rehearsal and memorization 99 0 99 0.57
Journal of Behavioral Education Burns, Zaslofsky, Kanive, & Parker USA Meta-analysis of incremental rehearsal using phi coefficients to compare single-case and group designs. 2012 Incremental rehearsal 19 0 19 1.67
Educational Research Review Donker, de Boer, Kostons, van Ewijk, & Van der Werf Netherlands Effectiveness of learning strategy instruction on academic performance: A meta-analysis. 2014 Rehearsal (Playing flashcards to learn new word) 10 0 10 1.39
Australian Journal of Education Purdie & Hattie Australia The Relationship between Study Skills and Learning Outcomes: A Meta-Analysis 1999 Memorization 23 0 23 0.23
TOTAL/AVERAGE 151 0 151 0.97
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